Resolution on Freedom of Education in the European Community The European Parliament…
Resolution on Freedom of Education in the European Community
The European Parliament…
1. Calls for recognition within the European Community of the following principles:
(1) Every child and young person shall have the right to education and teaching; this includes the right of the child to develop his or her abilities: within the framework of the constitutions common to all the member states and the legislation based thereon, the parents shall have the right to decide on the type of education and teaching to be given to their children of school age.
(2) Every child and young person shall have the right to education and teaching without any discrimination based on sex, race, philosophical or religious beliefs, nationality, social class or economic standing.
(3) The admission of a child to a school receiving public funds shall depend on its children abilities and inclination and neither on the parent’s economic standing nor the social, racial or ethnic background of the child.
(4) The school system must comply with the relevant provisions of the European Convention for the protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms Community law, especially where it relates to education for the children of migrant workers.
(5) The purpose of education and teaching shall be to enable the individuals to develop fully and to promote respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms.
(6) Freedom of education and teaching shall be guaranteed.
- Freedom of education and teaching shall include the right to establish a school and provide instruction.
- It shall further include the rights of parents to select, from among comparable schools, a school in which their children will receive the instruction desired; every child must be offered the possibility of attending a school, which gives no preference to specific religious or philosophical beliefs in its education and teaching.
- It cannot be the duty of the State to recommend or give preferential treatment either to denominational schools in general or to schools of a particular denomination, nor can the State give such recommendations or preferential treatment to nondenominational education.
- It is the parents right to choose a school for their children until the latter can do so for themselves; it is the duty of the State to provide the necessary facilities for State or private schools.
- Respect for beliefs is incumbent both on educational establishments under the direct authority of the State and on establishments which have contractual agreements with it.
(8) Freely established schools, which meet the objective criteria established by law for the award of specific qualifications, shall be recognised by the State; they shall award the same qualifications as State schools.
(9) In accordance with the right to freedom of education, Member States shall be required to provide the financial means whereby this right can be exercised in practice and to make the necessary public grants to enable schools to carry out their tasks and fulfil their duties under the same conditions as in corresponding State establishments, without discrimination as regards administration; parents, pupils or staff.
Notwithstanding this, however, freely established schools shall be required to make a certain contribution of their own as a token of their independent status.